«Characterization» is a relation between a bearer type and its feature. Feature is intrinsic (inherent) moment of its bearer type, and thus existentially dependent on the bearer. Feature may be stereotyped as «Quality» or «Mode». Feature characterizes a bearer type iff every instance of bearer exemplifies the feature.

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For examples see «Quality» and «Mode».


GUIZZARDI, Giancarlo. Ontological Foundations for Structural Conceptual Models. Enschede: CTIT, Telematica Instituut, 2005. GUIZZARDI, Giancarlo. Introduction to Ontological Engineering. [presentation] Prague: Prague University of Economics, 2011.